Basic Data

Catalonia in numbers

Catalonia

Capital Barcelona
Area 32,107 km2 (ranks between Belgium and The Netherlands)
Population 7,448,000 (ranks between Denmark and Austria)
Density 232.0 / km2 (EU-28: 117)
Immigrants 14.5% (2014) (main international communities: Morocco, Romania, Ecuador, Italy, China, Bolivia, Pakistan)
Population born outside Catalonia 36% (2013)
Number of foreign tourists 15,580,362 (2013)
Official languages Catalan and Spanish; Occitan in the Aran Valley
GDP (million €) 214,927 (between Finland and Denmark) (2016)
GDP per capita (€) 28,929 (EU-28: 28,700) (2016)
Economic sectors services 74.8%, industry 19.6%, construction 4.7%, agriculture 0.9% (2016)
Main industrial sectors chemistry, biotechnology, food, energy, metal and automotive
Exports (million €) 63,860 (25% of all Spanish exports; 65% of exports to the EU markets)
Imports (million €) 76,850
Openness ratio 61% (2012)
Foreign investment 3,850.65 million € (2013) (Top 3 of FDI attraction in continental Europe first half 2013, Financial Times)
Unemployment rate 18.6% (EU-28: 9.4%)
People at risk of poverty or social exclusion 23.5%
Number of universities 12
Scientific production 1% of world scientific production (compared to 0.1% of world population)
Main scientific facilities Alba Synchrotron (UAB), Supercomputing Center (UPC), and one of the major genome sequencing centres in Europe (CNAG)
Households with Internet access 83% (2016) (EU-28: 83%)

Source: Government of Catalonia (all data are from 2015 unless otherwise stated)


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